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Digital Seminar

Bessel van der Kolk Trauma Interview Series: Frank Putnam, MD, Pioneer & Researcher in Attachment & Trauma

Bessel van der Kolk, MD |  Frank W. Putnam, M.D.
5 Hours 13 Minutes
Jan 31, 2017
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Digital Seminar
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Recently I was fortunate to engage in a personal interview with my colleague and pioneering researcher, Frank Putnam, MD, who is without question one of the world’s foremost scientists in the field of trauma, dissociation and attachment.

His remarkable research reveals findings that are of significant relevance to trauma treatment today. And in this video interview, you’ll hear first-hand about his dutiful and passionate studies on sexual abuse, transgenerational trauma, and dissociation and multiple personality disorders (DID).

As Frank describes the arc of his discoveries from one intervention project to the next, and our conversation moves from one question to another, you’ll gain an understanding of the impact of trauma on the mind and brain that will immediately inform your trauma treatment.

I invite you to delve into this journey with me to learn of this man’s important work, impact and contributions to the field.

Bessel van der Kolk

February 2017


Bessel van der Kolk, MD's Profile

Bessel van der Kolk, MD Related seminars and products

Bessel A. van der Kolk, MD, is a clinician, researcher and teacher in the area of post-traumatic stress. His work integrates developmental, neurobiological, psychodynamic and interpersonal aspects of the impact of trauma and its treatment.

Dr. van der Kolk and his various collaborators have published extensively on the impact of trauma on development, such as dissociative problems, borderline personality and self-mutilation, cognitive development, memory, and the psychobiology of trauma. He has published over 150 peer-reviewed scientific articles on such diverse topics as neuroimaging, self-injury, memory, neurofeedback, Developmental Trauma, yoga, theater, and EMDR. 

He is founder of the Trauma Center in Brookline, Massachusetts and President of the Trauma Research Foundation, which promotes clinical, scientific, and educational projects. 

His 2014 #1 New York Times best seller, The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind, and Body in the Treatment of Trauma, transforms our understanding of traumatic stress, revealing how it literally rearranges the brain’s wiring – specifically areas dedicated to pleasure, engagement, control, and trust. He shows how these areas can be reactivated through innovative treatments including neurofeedback, somatically based therapies, EMDR, psychodrama, play, yoga, and other therapies.

Dr. van der Kolk is the past president of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, and professor of psychiatry at Boston University Medical School. He regularly teaches at conferences, universities, and hospitals around the world.


Speaker Disclosures:
Financial: Dr. Bessel van der Kolk is a professor at Boston University School of Medicine, the Director of the Trauma Center, and the National Complex Trauma Network. He receives royalties as a published author. Dr. van der Kolk receives a speaking honorarium, recording royalties, and book royalties from PESI, Inc. He has no relevant financial relationships with ineligible organizations.
Non-financial: Dr. Bessel van der Kolk has no relevant non-financial relationships.

Frank W. Putnam, M.D.'s Profile

Frank W. Putnam, M.D. Related seminars and products

Frank W. Putnam, M.D., is the Professor of Psychiatry at the University of North Carolina, Emeritus Professor of Pediatrics at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital and author of The Way We Are: How States of Mind Influence our Identities, Personality and Potential for Change. Beginning with landmark studies of dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality), he has traced a developmental process across generations linking early childhood trauma with serious psychological, biological, and life course consequences.

Speaker Disclosures:

Financial: Frank Putnam is an author and receives royalties from Guilford Press and Ipbooks. He has no relevant financial relationships with ineligible organizations.
Nonfinancial: Frank Putnam has no relevant nonfinancial relationship to disclose.

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Program Information

Access for Self-Study (Non-Interactive)

Access never expires for this product.


  1. Discuss the clinical implementations of the longitudinal study on childhood abuse as designed and conducted by Dr. Frank Putnam.
  2. Summarize the trans-generational aspects of trauma and abuse as it informs the therapeutic approach.
  3. Specify treatment methods that induce a state of change in the trauma client.
  4. Provide psychoeducation on Dissociative Identity Disorder to improve client understanding of the disorder and the rationale of treatment methods used.
  5. Articulate clinical strategies to assist the client out of their dissociative state and return their awareness back to the present.
  6. Summarize the various results of the ACE study as discussed between Dr.’s van der Kolk and Putnam.


Attachment and States of Change: Trauma Clients from Childhood to Adulthood

  • Bessel van der Kolk, MD introduces Frank Putnam, MD author of The Way We Are: How States of Mind Influence our Identities, Personality and Potential for Change
  • Dr. Putnam’s early work and studies in rapid-cycling Bipolar and Dissociative Identity Disorder.
  • Physiology of DID
  • State Changes - the transitioning point between the state changes we make as children and adolescents
  • Attachment and attunement as children
  • 4-generation longitudinal study conclusions of abused and normal children

Early Disrupted Attachments

  • Disorganized Attachment “Type D” as a pre-cursor of adulthood physiological and psychological illness
  • The mother’s critical role: early patterns and intervening with a mother’s first child

Childhood Abuse: The Adolescent Female

  • Cortisol levels
  • FSH levels
  • Biological versus behavioral aspects of trauma
  • Attachment as generational and reverberational qualities
  • The “Strange Man” study

Development and States of Change

  • Multiple layering of states
  • Moving in and out and transitions
  • Stuck states or slippery states

Meta-Cognitive Function & Executive Function

  • Functions of healthy attachment
  • Validation: the critical need to “be seen”
  • Genetics versus Trauma as effecting behavior
  • Implications for Treatment

The Ohio Home Visit Program Study: Working with Children and Mothers

  • 2,000+ families in the study
  • Maternal depression
  • Substance Abuse
  • Domestic violence
  • Help mothers with state change
  • Games, mirroring
  • Role for therapist
  • Effectiveness of the study and public health
  • PCIT: Parent/Child Interaction Therapy


  • Brain changes
  • Hyper-arousal states “burn out” leaving shutting down

Inducing A State of Change

  • Hypnosis - viable treatment that has fallen off the radar but still successful with trauma processing
  • The stages of stabilization
  • Intrusive states: not seen in PTSD alone
  • ACE Study, addiction and maladaptive temporary solutions
  • Basic training in the military: the classic state change success story
  • Self-compassion: a required element of Mindfulness

Latest Research and Evidence for Drug-Induced State Change

  • MDMA: PTSD and combat trauma, initial study results
  • Psilocybin - Frank’s personal experience in a study

Language, Meaning and Context

  • Creating a coherent narrative
  • DSM III to DSM-5
  • Developing the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES)

Dissociative Identity Disorder: Story of the Scientist and the Study

  • The cyclical nature of studying trauma and dissociation of time
  • Lack of literature
  • Developing the longitudinal robust study
  • The DES

Discussion on the Brain Functions

  • Pre-frontal area
  • Anterior cingulate
  • Intrusive states

How do you help the client get out of the dissociated state?

  • Decrease triggers
  • Create safety
  • Substitute other behaviors
  • Self-monitoring: how to build that in the treatment
  • How to build stronger meta-cognitive functioning
  • Sensory integration: drumming, rhythm

Trans-generational Aspects of Trauma & Abuse

  • The predatory personality
  • Results of the longitudinal study over generations
  • Bethany Brand’s (Towson University) online longitudinal study for client and clinician
  • The importance of “telling the truth”
  • Value of the histories the professional asks
  • How far to dig into the specifics of the trauma

Target Audience

Psychologists, Social Workers, Counselors, Addictions Counselors, Marriage & Family Therapists, and Other Mental Health Professionals.

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